Critical Thinking Community Richard Paul


The Center conducts advanced research and disseminates information on critical thinking.

Each year it sponsors an annual International Conference on Critical Thinking and Educational Reform. It has worked with the College Board, the National Education Association, the U.S. Department of Education, as well as numerous colleges, universities, and school districts to facilitate the implementation of critical thinking instruction focused on intellectual standards.

Research in critical thinking demonstrates:
1.  that, for the most part, critical thinking is not presently being effectively taught at the high school, college and university levels, and yet
2.  it is possible to do so.

To assess students' understanding of critical thinking, we recommend use of the International Critical Thinking Test as well as the Critical Thinking Interview Profile for College Students. To assess faculty understanding of critical thinking and its importance to instruction, we recommend the Critical Thinking Interview Profile For Teachers and Faculty. By registering as a member of the community, you will have access to streaming video, which includes a sample student interview with Dr. Richard Paul and Rush Cosgrove.

RESEARCH TITLES:

 

 

by Dr. Richard Paul

Dissertation submitted to the University of California at Santa Barbara in partial fulfillment for the degree of Ph.D. in Philosophy

 

View Abstract - View Full Dissertation (Adobe Acrobat PDF)

 


Logic as Theory of Validation: An Essay in Philosophical Logic


Critical Thinking in the Oxford Tutorial: A Call for an Explicit and Systematic Approach

 

by Rush Cosgrove

A research study focused on the extent to which the Oxford Tutorial promotes critical thinking

View Abstract - View Full Article


Critical Thinking Instruction in Selected Greater Los Angeles Area High Schools

 

by Paul Everett Thomas

A dissertation Submitted to the School of Education and Behavioral Studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements

for the degree Doctor of Education (May, 1999)

 

View Abstract - View Full Dissertation (Adobe Acrobat PDF)

 

 


Effect of a Model for Critical Thinking on Student Achievement in Primary Source Document Analysis

and Interpretation, Argumentative Reasoning, Critical Thinking Dispositions and History Content
in a Community College History Course

Abstract of the Study, conducted by Jenny Reed, in partial fulfillment for her dissertation (October 26, 1998)

View Abstract  -  View Full Dissertation (Adobe Acrobat PDF)

 

 


The Effect of Richard Paul's Universal Elements and Standards of Reasoning on Twelfth Grade Composition

A Research Proposal Presented to the Faculty Of the School
of Education Alliant International University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the
Degree of Master of Arts in Education: Teaching

Study conducted by J. Stephen Scanlan, San Diego (2006)

View Abstract  -   View Full Dissertation (Adobe Acrobat PDF)

 

 


Study of 38 Public Universities and 28 Private Universities

To Determine Faculty Emphasis on Critical Thinking In Instruction

Principal Researchers: Dr. Richard Paul, Dr. Linda Elder, and Dr. Ted Bartell

View Abstract   -   View the full study

 

 


Substantive Critical Thinking as Developed by the Foundation for Critical Thinking Proves Effective in Raising SAT and ACT Test Scores at West Side High School:  Staff Development Program Utilizes Critical Thinking Instruction to Improve Student Performance on ACT and SAT Tests, and in Critical Reading, Writing and Math


Dr.John Crook, West Side High School Principal

View the Report

 


Teaching Critical Thinking Skills to Fourth Grade Students Identified as Gifted and Talented


by Debra Connerly

Graceland University - Cedar Rapids, Iowa - December 2006

View the Report

 

 


The Loss of the Space Shuttle Columbia: Portaging Leadership Lessons with a Critical Thinking Model

by Rob Niewoehner, Ph.D. U.S. Navy

  U.S. Naval Academy -  Annapolis, MD - March 2009
View the Report

 

 


Law School Academic Support Professionals' Perceptions about Development of Students' Critical THinking

by Brett A. Brosseit, Ph.D.

  Ave Maria School of Law - Naples, FL - 2015
View the Dissertation

 

 


 

{"id":"406","title":"RESEARCH TITLES:","author":"","content":"<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><span style=\"text-decoration: underline; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: medium; font-variant: small-caps;\">&nbsp;</span></p>\r\n<div style=\"text-align: center;\">\r\n<div style=\"text-align: center;\">\r\n<div><span style=\"font-variant: small-caps; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;\"><span style=\"font-size: medium;\"> \r\n<hr />\r\n</span></span>\r\n<p><strong style=\"font-size: medium; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-variant: small-caps;\">Logic as Theory of Validation: An Essay in Philosophical Logic</strong></p>\r\n</div>\r\n</div>\r\n<div style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</div>\r\n<div style=\"text-align: center;\">by Dr. Richard Paul<br /> <br /></div>\r\nDissertation submitted to the University of California at Santa Barbara in partial fulfillment for the degree of Ph.D. in Philosophy\r\n<div style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</div>\r\n<p style=\"font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; color: #000000; margin-left: 0px; margin-top: 0px; font-weight: normal; text-align: center;\"><a href=\"http://www.criticalthinking.org/files/Abstract%20from%20Dr.%20Richard%20Paul%27s%20dissertation.pdf\" target=\"_blank\"><span style=\"color: #0000cc;\"><span><span style=\"text-decoration: underline;\">View Abstract</span></span></span></a>&nbsp;-&nbsp;<a href=\"http://www.criticalthinking.org/files/Dissertation.pdf\" target=\"_blank\"><span style=\"color: #0000cc;\"><span><span style=\"text-decoration: underline;\">View Full Dissertation (Adobe Acrobat PDF)</span></span></span></a></p>\r\n<p style=\"font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; color: #000000; margin-left: 0px; margin-top: 0px; font-weight: normal; text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<p style=\"font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; color: #000000; margin-left: 0px; margin-top: 0px; font-weight: normal; text-align: center;\"><span style=\"color: #0000cc;\"><span><span style=\"text-decoration: underline;\"><br /></span></span></span></p>\r\n</div>\r\n<div style=\"text-align: center;\">\r\n<hr />\r\n<div>\r\n<div><span style=\"font-variant: small-caps; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;\"><span style=\"font-size: medium;\"><strong>Critical Thinking in the Oxford Tutorial: A Call for an Explicit and Systematic Approach</strong></span><br /> </span></div>\r\n<div>&nbsp;</div>\r\n</div>\r\n<div>by Rush Cosgrove</div>\r\n<div>A research study focused on the extent to which the Oxford Tutorial promotes critical thinking</div>\r\n<div><strong><br /></strong></div>\r\n<div><a href=\"http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/critical-thinking-in-the-oxford-tutorial-a-call-for-an-expli/1018\" target=\"_blank\">View Abstract</a> - <a href=\"http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07294360.2010.487259\" target=\"_blank\">View Full Article<br /></a></div>\r\n<hr />\r\n</div>\r\n<div style=\"text-align: center;\"><span style=\"font-variant: small-caps; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;\"><span style=\"font-size: medium;\"><strong>Critical Thinking Instruction in Selected Greater Los Angeles Area High Schools</strong></span><br /> </span></div>\r\n<div style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</div>\r\n<div style=\"text-align: center;\">by Paul Everett Thomas</div>\r\n<div style=\"text-align: center;\">A dissertation Submitted to the School of Education and Behavioral Studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements</div>\r\n<div style=\"text-align: center;\">for the degree Doctor of Education (May, 1999)<strong><br /> </strong></div>\r\n<div style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</div>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><a href=\"http://www.criticalthinking.org/research/Abstract-PETHOMAS.cfm\" target=\"_blank\">View Abstract</a> - <a href=\"http://www.criticalthinking.org/files/Azusa%20Pacific%20University_opt.pdf\" target=\"_blank\">View Full Dissertation (Adobe Acrobat PDF)</a></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<hr />\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><strong style=\"font-size: medium;\"><span style=\"font-variant: small-caps; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;\">Effect of a Model for Critical Thinking on Student Achievement in Primary Source Document Analysis</span></strong></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><span style=\"font-size: medium;\"><strong> <span style=\"font-variant: small-caps; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;\">and Interpretation, Argumentative Reasoning, Critical Thinking Dispositions and History Content</span></strong></span><br /><span style=\"font-size: medium;\"><strong> <span style=\"font-variant: small-caps; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;\">in a Community College History Course</span></strong></span><br /> <br /> Abstract of the Study, conducted by Jenny Reed, in partial fulfillment for her dissertation (October 26, 1998)<br /> <br /> <a href=\"http://www.criticalthinking.org/research/Abstract-JREED.cfm\">View Abstract</a>&nbsp; -&nbsp; <a href=\"http://www.criticalthinking.org/resources/JReed-Dissertation.pdf\">View Full Dissertation (Adobe Acrobat PDF)</a></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<hr />\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><strong style=\"font-size: medium; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-variant: small-caps;\">The Effect of Richard Paul's Universal Elements and Standards of Reasoning on Twelfth Grade Composition</strong></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><span style=\"font-variant: small-caps; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;\"><span style=\"font-size: medium;\"><strong> A Research Proposal Presented to the Faculty Of the School</strong></span><br /><span style=\"font-size: medium;\"><strong> of Education Alliant International University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the</strong></span><br /><span style=\"font-size: medium;\"><strong> Degree of Master of Arts in Education: Teaching</strong></span><br /> <br /> </span>Study conducted by J. Stephen Scanlan, San Diego (2006)<br /> <br /> <a href=\"http://www.criticalthinking.org/research/Abstract-JSCANLAN.cfm\">View Abstract</a>&nbsp; - &nbsp; <a href=\"http://www.criticalthinking.org/resources/SScanlan.pdf\">View Full Dissertation (Adobe Acrobat PDF)</a></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<hr />\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><strong style=\"font-size: medium; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-variant: small-caps;\">Study of 38 Public Universities and 28 Private Universities</strong></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><span style=\"font-variant: small-caps; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;\"><span style=\"font-size: medium;\"><strong> To Determine Faculty Emphasis on Critical Thinking In Instruction</strong></span><br /> <br /> </span></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">Principal Researchers: Dr. Richard Paul, Dr. Linda Elder, and Dr. Ted Bartell</p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><a href=\"http://www.criticalthinking.org/research/Abstract-RPAUL-38public.cfm\">View Abstract</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; - &nbsp; <a href=\"http://www.criticalthinking.org/store/products/california-teacher-preparation-for-instruction-in-critical-thinking/147\">View the full study</a></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<hr />\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><strong style=\"font-size: medium; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-variant: small-caps;\">Substantive Critical Thinking as Developed by the Foundation for Critical Thinking Proves Effective in Raising SAT and ACT Test Scores at West Side High School:&nbsp; Staff Development Program Utilizes Critical Thinking Instruction to Improve Student Performance on ACT and SAT Tests, and in Critical Reading, Writing and Math</strong></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><span style=\"font-variant: small-caps; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;\"> <br /> </span><span style=\"font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;\"><span lang=\"en-us\">Dr.</span><span lang=\"en-us\"> </span><span lang=\"en-us\">John Crook, West Side High School Principal</span></span><strong><span lang=\"en-us\"><span style=\"font-family: Arial;\"><br /> <br /> <a href=\"http://www.criticalthinking.org/research/raising_SAT_and_ACT_Scores.cfm\">View the Report</a></span></span></strong></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><strong><span lang=\"en-us\"><span style=\"font-family: Arial;\"><br /></span></span></strong></p>\r\n<hr />\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><strong style=\"font-size: medium; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-variant: small-caps;\">Teaching Critical Thinking Skills to Fourth Grade Students Identified as Gifted and Talented</strong></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><br /> by Debra Connerly<br /> <br /> Graceland University - Cedar Rapids, Iowa - December 2006<br /> <br /> <a href=\"http://www.criticalthinking.org/research/Debra_Connerly_study.cfm\">View the Report</a></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<hr />\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><strong style=\"font-size: medium; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-variant: small-caps;\">The Loss of the Space Shuttle Columbia: Portaging Leadership Lessons with a Critical Thinking Model</strong></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">by Rob Niewoehner, Ph.D. U.S. Navy<br /> <br />&nbsp; U.S. Naval Academy -&nbsp;<span class=\"kno-fv\"><span class=\"kno-fv-vq fl\"> Annapolis, MD</span></span> - March 2009<br /> <a href=\"http://www.criticalthinking.org/articles/engineering-reasoning.cfm\">View the Report</a></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<hr />\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><strong style=\"font-size: medium; color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-variant: small-caps;\">Law School Academic Support Professionals' Perceptions about Development of Students' Critical THinking<br /></strong></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">by Brett A. Brosseit, Ph.D.<br /> <br />&nbsp; Ave Maria School of Law - <span class=\"kno-fv\"><span class=\"kno-fv-vq fl\">Naples, FL</span></span> - 2015<br /> <a href=\"https://www.criticalthinking.org/data/pages/57/24101cb16ee724d6172f6544c61c2be75a6688fb017ca.pdf\">View the Dissertation</a></p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<hr />\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\">&nbsp;</p>\r\n<div id=\"cke_pastebin\" style=\"text-align: center;\">\r\n<div style=\"text-align: center;\"><span style=\"color: #0000ff;\"><br /> </span><span style=\"color: #0044aa; font-family: Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;\"><span style=\"font-variant: small-caps;\"><br /> </span></span></div>\r\n</div>\r\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\"><br style=\"clear: both;\" /></p>","public_access":"1","public_downloads":"1","sku":"","files":[],"images":[]}



Dr. Richard Paul was Director of Research and Professional Development at the Center for Critical Thinking, and was Chair of the National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking. His body of work, including eight books and over 200 articles, established him as an internationally-recognized authority on critical thinking. In addition to writing books for every grade level, he experimented extensively with teaching tactics and strategies, and with devising (among other things) novel ways to engage students in rigorous self-assessment. 

 

Dr. Paul received four degrees and gave lectures on critical thinking at many universities in both the United States and abroad, including Harvard, the University of Chicago, the University of Illinois, and the universities of Puerto Rico, Costa Rica, British Columbia, Toronto, and Amsterdam. He taught beginning and advanced courses in critical thinking at the university level for over 20 years.

Paul received numerous honors and awards in his lifeitme, including Distinguished Philosopher (Council for Philosophical Studies, 1987), O.C. Tanner Lecturer in Humanities (Utah State University, 1986), Lansdown Visiting Scholar (University of Victoria, 1987), and the Alfred Korsybski Memorial Lecturer (Institute for General Semantics, 1987).  His views on critical thinking have been canvassed in the New York Times, Education Week, The Chronicle of Higher Education, American Teacher, Reader’s Digest, Educational Leadership, Newsweek, and U.S. News and World Report. Dr. Paul’s wide-ranging knowledge, practical strategies, and enthusiasm made him highly sought-after as a presenter and keynote speaker.

See our Memorial Page for Dr. Richard Paul.

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Video Biography: Introduction by Dr. Gerald Nosich at the 2008 International Conference

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