System of Checks and Balances in America Essay
1215 Words5 Pages
In 1787 the United States of America Constitution, written by America’s forefathers, established a revised plan of government for the United States of America. The United States of America Constitution proclaims its purpose in its Preamble: “We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.” After the Preamble, the Constitution creates separation of power by dividing the government into three separate branches. These branches include the executive branch, the…show more content…
This system guarantees impartial and balanced representation to each state. In Article II Executive Powers, the executive branch of government is created. Article III of the Constitution discusses Judicial Powers of both Supreme and inferior courts ensuring that all Americans receive a justice through fair trial. The remaining articles of the Constitution, Articles IV, V, VI, and VII, focus on Procedures for Amendments, a process which utilizes the system of checks and balances to create amendments. America’s founding fathers were able to create a system of government “under God…of the people, by the people, for the people” (Abraham Lincoln) by creating separation of power by branches and a system of checks and balances on and over the different branches. The United States executive branch checks both the Congress and judicial branch and is balanced by both the legislative and judicial branches. The President of the United States of America is able to check and balance the legislature by the power to veto, the power to recess appointments, the power to call emergency sessions of one or both houses of Congress, the power of forced an adjournment when both houses cannot agree on adjournment. The President is the commander in chief of the military, while the Vice President is President of the Senate. The executive branch checks on the judiciary branch by having the power to appoint judges
Checks and Balances Essay
956 Words4 Pages
Checks and Balances
The doctrine of separation of powers developed over many centuries. This practice doctrine can be traced to the British Parliament's gradual assertion of power and resistance to royal decrees during the 14th century. Political theorist, John Locke wrote about the concept of separation of powers in his Second Treatise of Government (1690). In the United States, the separation of powers is a fundamental constitutional principle. The framers of this Constitution saw the need to divide power within the government to prevent a single group from ruthlessly taking over the country. Articles I through III of the Constitution of the United States place each of the basic powers of government in a separate branch. This…show more content…
The legislative branch, Congress, has the power to make laws valid for the whole country. Powers like the regulation of taxes, regulation of commerce between the states and with foreign countries, the power to declare war, and the power to impeach the President are some of the issues the legislative branch has to deal with. Congress has two chambers (or "houses"): the Senate and the House of Representatives ("the house").
Executive power is vested in the office of the President of the United States. The President has the dual role of being the chief of state and the head of government. The President is also commander in chief of the armed forces. He issues executive orders, and appoints Supreme Court justices (with senate approval). The president is also called "the chief legislator" because he indirectly proposes many bills, considers all bills from Congress and signs them into law or vetoes them.
Judicial power is given to the Supreme Court. All nine federal judges are appointed by the President and serve "during good behavior," usually meaning for life. The judges cannot be removed from office except for criminal behavior or malfeasance. This makes them less vulnerable to political pressure and outside influence. The main feature of the independent role for the courts lies in their power to interpret the Constitution. They review the "constitutionality" of laws and executive orders. There are