Extended Essay In Chinese



分享一下新鲜的经验。15年毕业,A的数学Extended Essay,自我感觉尚可。另外之前与在其他领域写EE的同学也有过沟通交流,因此经验应是具有普遍性和参考价值的。欢迎提出疑问及补充。

1. 总序

- 写EE无疑是两年IB中的最大难关之一。不要畏惧困难或有挫败感,要知道别人都和你一样,往届前辈们也都是这么过来的。

- 写EE是一个苦逼而充实的过程,拿出最终稿的成就感是无可比拟的,到时候你会感到所有努力都是值得的。


2. 准备篇

- 虽然IB没有明确要求,但选HL科目一般是常规。

- 第一年不能拿6、7的科目,慎选。EE涉及的学科内容远远深于普通IA,如果不是真正的拿手好戏则无异于作死。半途换题乃至换科目为EE之大忌。

- 能力允许的前提下,自己感兴趣的科目优先。写EE是漫长的过程,没有兴趣为主导是苦不堪言的,反之如果兴趣盎然则为一种痛并快乐着的享受。

- 不妨考虑一下自己大学的学科志愿。EE是可以给你的申请论文增色不少的。(就个人案例,本人英国申请的Personal Statement中EE相关占一大段)极佳的对学科的 enthusiasm 和 commitment 的体现。

- 科目确定好了就找Supervisor讨论研究题目(Research Question),最好真的是一个question(带"?"的),这样就有一个明确的目标,之后下结论也相对容易。

- 研究课题要有「可行性」,即:语言类有大量阅读材料辅助,人文自然科学有获得第一手数据资料的可能(调查问卷、实验),艺术类能加以自己的创作(画作、乐曲),数学类...(预计自己)能懂T_T

- 找Supervisor决定最终题目前做好充分的research,对内容有基本的了解,另外对老师可能提的非技术性问题要能答得上来。总之要具备主动性,不要指望老师能帮你什么,毕竟写论文的是你,你需要成为你的topic方面的专家,老师只会提供建议。

- 利用好暑假疯狂地自学,做足准备。


3. 创作篇

- 动笔之前先列提纲,把回答RQ的思路理顺。提纲可以让supervisor过目一下,确保整体结构和各块内容有逻辑关联且切题。

- 尽量在动笔后的一个月内拿出初稿,时间拖得越长思路越混乱。初稿不需要也不可能是完美的,但你能修改的前提是你有一份初稿。

- 局部遇到困难可以跳过继续往前写,只要思路明确。具体的技术性问题可在初稿接近完成时请教老师。

- 大多数EE都需要参考文献,因此写的时候就要做好reference,所有文字和图像的引用都要加上脚注。写完以后再加表面上省事,但容易漏掉,而后果就不必多说了。

- 坚持每天写。有灵感时多写一点,困惑时可以把写下的先过一遍,稍加修改理顺思路。

- 最晚第二年十月拿出初稿(不算过分吧,申请季开始后就更忙了)。


4. 修改篇

- 初稿在给supervisor之前自己先彻底改一道。尤其是如果你的supervisor辅导很多个学生,你就不能指望ta在你的EE上花多少时间精力给修改建议。

- 修改时注意内容的连贯性和条理性,EE判分时这些方面比内容深度要重要。最好先放几天,再试着像判卷老师一样通读全文,这样比较能发现问题。

- 字数问题:写EE时不建议过多考虑字数(写一点动不动就点开word count绝对影响思路和连贯性),但修改时必须注意控在4000以内(虽然是官方要求但值得强调一下)。写之前可能觉得4000字很多怎么都够了,但不论什么科目,最后发现严重超字数是常例,而且都是超1000+。这时候就要请supervisor帮忙了,毕竟自己可能不忍心删自己的心血之作。另外计算字数时注意,任何图表、公式、计算、方程都不算在内,但是文科EE的quotation是算的,所以务必引用适度。

- 觉得修改得差不多了,就可以去广泛地收集supervisor之外的人的意见,包括老师、同学、学长(这个推荐)等等。他们不一定熟悉你的topic甚至subject,但任何意见和感想都是值得参考的。

- 除了内容的修改以外,对版式也应当采取重视。成型了以后可以利用新版本的word做些编辑,把EE装饰的漂亮一点,图表尽管加颜色(最终上交IB是彩打的hard copy)。虽然不是一个criterion,但印象分肯定是有的。


5. 后记(Last but not least)

- 不要抄袭!抄袭的概念不仅是照抄原文,任何inappropriate citation都是涵盖的,所以footnotes和bibliography都要做完整并采用正确的格式。检查时可以用Turn It In,plagiarism index最好控在20%以内。

- Don't procrastinate. Don't procrastinate. Don't procrastinate. 重要的事情说三遍。

虽然相信你和小伙伴们都会调侃自己的拖延症,但时间宝贵,还是等经历完一切再慢慢回首IB两年这段槽点满满的美好时光吧。

最后,作为过来人,还是引用一段Urban Dictionary上的definition来调侃一下EE:

Extended Essay

Definition:“A sick lengthy essay developed by someone who thought that making high school children write a 4000 word college level essay would be funny. The inventor of such an essay is compared to those such as Joseph Stalin, for the reason for creation was for the 'justice and equality for all those students suffering through the International Baccalaureate'.

The Extended Essay was said to have been the cause of the large drop out rate in the International Baccalaureate program, as students described the process of writing this essay on ANY TOPIC POSSIBLE as hell, death, insanity, suicidal, painful and suffering.

However, the Extended Essay is also looked upon to expand the learning of the students in seek of a challenge. The students that view the Extended Essay as a challege are a very small minority of the students enrolled in IB. To the large consensous of the IB population, the Extended Essay has no bearing on ones future, but demonstrates a large amount of stress compared to a sentencing on death row."

—— from Urban Dictionary
The extended essay is a piece of personal research into a topic of your choice which has to be presented like a formal research paper with around 4,000 words. The extended essay in history gives students the opportunity to undertake in-depth research in an area of history of genuine interest to them.

Along with your grade for the Theory of Knowledge course, the EE can contribute up to three points to your total score for the IB Diploma. The extended essay should be around 4,000 words in length and as such, it is recommended that students spend 40 hours on the EE. The EE is concluded with a short interview, or viva voce, with your supervising teacher.

The essay is then externally marked out of 36 and given a grade from A-E. This is combined with your ToK grade to give an overall points score out of 3. Your extended essay in history should include the following elements:
  1. Title Page
  2. Abstract
  3. Contents Page
  4. Introduction
  5. Body of the essay - divided into chapters
  6. Conclusion
  7. References and Bibliography
  8. Appendices.
Below is some more detailed information about what to do next. Follow the steps and ask your essay supervisor for help.

Step 1: Choose a topic

Your choice of topic area for the EE is completely up to you and does not have to be part of the IBDP history course. Try to choose a topic you are genuinely interested in however bear in mind that you need to be able to access, read, analyse and evaluate a wide range of sources so choose something that is accessible to research. It can be related to a topic studied in class.

Step 2: Choose a Research Question

Once you have a topic, you need to decide what question you can ask within that topic. Start by doing some general reading about your topic to try and identify what the key issues are and possible areas of historical debate and analysis. Don't worry if you are not entirely happy to start with, you can refine your question as you carry out research. Look at these examples of how questions have been derived from topics:

Topic - Non-Intervention in the Spanish Civil War
Question - Why did Britain pursue a policy of non-intervention in the Spanish Civil War during 1936?

Topic - The Second World War in Asia
Question - To what extent was the Jaywick Raid on Singapore Harbour in 1943 successful?

Step 3: Start Collecting Evidence

Start looking for sources as soon as you have identified the topic you are interested in. You will need about 20 different sources including primary and secondary sources, books and articles by historians and websites. Try to gather a range of different types of sources.

Remember, as you gather you evidence and sources, be sure to make detailed and RELEVANT notes. Think about what you are trying to find out from each source before reading it. Categorise your notes thematically and sort it chronologically.

Step 4: Complete EE Proposal Form

Once you have finished with your preliminary research, download and complete the EE Proposal Form.

Step 5: Start writing Essay

Once your proposal has been accepted, you can begin writing your EE. Tackle each section at a time. Refer to the pages for each Section of the EE on this website for help. Download and use this Mark Scheme to help make sure you are hitting full marks.

FIRST DRAFT IS DUE FIRST WEEK BACK AFTER SUMMER HOLIDAY IN SEPTEMBER OR AS SOON AS POSSIBLE!

Example EE Titles

How decisive was Spain's contribution to the outcome of World War Two?

How reliable is Hogarth's 'The Rake's Progress' as evidence of 18th century London?

To what extent was the British victory against the communists during the Malayan Emergency due mainly to the actions of the High Commissioner, General Templer?

To what extent was World War Two a catalyst for British decolonisation?

How far did Nietzsche's ideas influence the Third Reich?

How and why do Historical sources disagree about the life and career of Bonnie Parker?

Finding Sources

Example EE's Graded as A or B

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